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Selecting the Right Diamond
Selecting the Perfect Stone

Selecting the right diamond can be very emotional or overwhelming as for most people, buying a diamond is a new experience. Understanding a diamond's quality characteristics is straightforward and simple, whether you are a first time diamond buyer, the following information will be very helpful when making your purchase. Understanding what you want and the basics like the 4 C’s can help you make the best choice. Here we will cover in depth descriptions such as shapes, certification, price range and many more.

Round Brilliant
1. Traditional yet most popular, perfect for engagement rings.
2. Over 75% of diamonds sold today are Round Brilliant.
3. Goes very well with either as a solitaire or with accent stones.
4. Standardized through a precise formula to achieve the maximum in fire and brilliance.
Princess Cut
1. Square or rectangular shape with many facets.
2. Requires more weight to be directed toward the diamond's depth in order to maximize brilliance from
    a square cut.
3. Depth percentages of 70% to 78% are common.
Emerald Cut
1. Tends to be less fiery than a "round brilliant" cut, but it also tends to have broader, more dramatic
    flashes of light.
2. Known as a step cut because its concentric broad, flat planes resemble stair steps; a rectangular
    shape with cut corners.
3. Inclusions and inferior colour can be more pronounced in this particular cut.
Triangle
1. Also known as Trillions and Trillian’s are mixed cuts with three equally straight or slightly curved
    sides.
2. Well proportioned, one can also be a stunning centre piece in an engagement ring.
3. When cut to certain proportions, Triangular Brilliants are very bright and lively stones.
Marquise Cut
1. Elongated with pointed ends.
2. Inspired this shape which was then commissioned by the Sun King, France's Louis XIV, who wanted a
    diamond to match it.
3. It is beautiful as a solitaire or when matched with smaller complimentary diamonds.
Oval-Shaped
1. Very popular as their length can accentuate long, slender fingers.
2. Is a fiery diamond that reflects light brilliantly.
3. Wonderful selection for someone who loves the sparkle of the round brilliant, but desires a less
    common shape.
Radiant Cut
1. The elegance of the emerald and the brilliance of the round shape mark this cut. 70 facets maximize
    the effect of its colour refraction.
2. Shape of the less fiery Emerald Cut.
3. Is often a rectangle (sometimes square) with cropped corners, but that's where the similarities end.
Pear-Shaped
1. Combines the oval and marquise shapes.
2. Hybrid shape that looks like a sparkling teardrop.
3. Lends a sophisticated air to both the simplest and most elaborate ring settings.
Heart-Shaped
1. Is anything but sentimental (the heart shaped diamond is essentially a pear-shaped diamond with a
    cleft at the top).
2. Is considered by some to be the most romantic of all diamond cuts.
3. Requires extraordinary skill of the cutter determines the beauty of this cut.

The 4 C’s

Every diamond is unique, there are no two diamonds are identical. GIA created the first, and now globally accepted standard for describing diamonds, they are graded by: Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat Weight. Today, the 4Cs of Diamond Quality is the universal method for assessing the quality of any diamond, anywhere in the world.


Colour

1. Colour refers to a diamond's lack of colour, grading the whiteness of a diamond.
2. A colour grade of D is the highest possible, while Z is the lowest.


Clarity

1. Clarity refers to the purity of a diamond.
2. Clarity is a measure of the number and size of the tiny imperfections that occur in almost all diamonds.
3. Many of these imperfections are microscopic, and do not affect a diamond's beauty in any visible way.


Cut

1. Cut is a diamond's most important characteristic as the cut determines a diamond's shape and brilliance.
2. It has the greatest overall influence on a diamond's beauty.
3. It determines what we generally think of as sparkle.



Carat

1. Carat is specifically a measure of a diamond's weight, and by itself may not accurately reflect a diamond's size.
2. We tend to evaluate diamond size by viewing it from the top because that is how diamonds are presented to us
    when set into a ring.
3. To understand diamond size, carat weight should be considered in conjunction with two other criteria:
    A. Distance in millimetres across the top of the diamond.
    B. Diamond's cut grade.



Certification

A certificate describes the quality of a diamond, but it does not place a monetary value on the gem. Before purchasing a diamond, you should expect to review a copy of its certificate as proof that it has undergone an unbiased, professional examination.

There is no physical difference between a diamond that is certified and one that is not. The difference between a certified and an uncertified diamond is that; with the certified diamond, you have tangible, legal assurances as to the particular nature and quality of the diamond you are purchasing.

A certified diamond comes with a diamond grading report guaranteed by an accredited gem lab. This report assures customers that the diamond is independently recognized as possessing all the qualities specified by that report. When you purchase a certified diamond, you are getting a diamond with beauty and pedigree.

On the other hand, an uncertified diamond is not accompanied by a diamond grading report, and therefore its stated quality is only based on the word of the seller. An uncertified diamond is not necessarily a bad diamond; certainly, it can be as beautiful as its certified counterpart. However, regardless of certified or uncertified diamonds, we encourage our customers to always buy from trusted and well-established jewellers.

All the certified diamonds featured in Diamond2u.com are by GIA. For uncertified diamonds, Diamond2u is providing quality assurance with buy back policy and we offer a lifetime warranty.




Diamond Florescence

Referring to the diamonds that have the tendency to release a soft coloured glow when subjected to ultraviolet light (such as a "black light"). In the diamond industry, the existence of fluorescence in a diamond which is caused by the natural mineral properties of the diamond, has caused many debates and has influenced the pricing of diamonds. For the average observer fluorescence made no difference and experienced observers (diamond graders and trade professional) did not agree on the influence of fluorescence. And differing to previous theories, the experienced or trained observers most consistently determined that diamonds with strong fluorescence were the ones with the best colour.

So do not let fluorescence excessively influence your choice when selecting a diamond. Of course, if you are buying diamonds as an investment and intend resale, you would want to pay attention to how the industry prices diamonds with fluorescence, independent of whether the price difference is justified.


Price Guide

How much is it going to cost? Well, we could not set your budget for you but we can provide this general diamond price guide that demonstrates what type of diamond you can expect to find within various price ranges.

Price Range Carat Weight Diamond Quality Setting
RM350.00 – RM1,500.00 0.15 - 0.25 Unknown 10-14K gold (white or yellow)
RM1,500.00 – RM2,300.00 0.20 - 0.37 Unknown 10-14K gold (white or yellow); occasionally 18K gold
RM2,300.00 – RM3,200.00 0.30 - 0.5 Varied 14-18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM3,200.00 – RM6,300.00 0.30 - 0.75 Varied 14-18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM6,300.00 – RM11,000.00 0.40 - 1.00 Varied 14-18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM11,000.00 – RM15,000.00 0.50 - 1.50 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM15,000.00 – RM24,000.00 0.80 - 2.00 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM24,000.00 – RM31,000.00 1.00 - 2.50 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM31,000.00 – RM47,000.00 1.00 – 3.00 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM47,000.00 – RM63,000.00 1.00 – 3.00 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM63,000.00 – RM94,000.00 1.70 – 3.00 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM94,000.00 – RM187,000.00 2.00 – 3.00 Varied 18K gold (white or yellow), Platinum
RM187,000.00 & Above Diamonds in this price range tend to be greater than 3-carats and will require a customized setting

*Please note that this is a general guideline, every jeweller sets their own prices and they do vary.